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Student Achievement

Student Achievement at William & Mary

William & Mary’s mission describes the university as "A preeminent, public research university, grounded in the liberal arts and sciences ... William & Mary is a vibrant and inclusive community. Through close mentoring and collaboration, we inspire lifelong learning, generate new knowledge, and expand understanding.  ..." To evaluate success with respect to student achievement consistent with our mission, the university employs multiple measures, including retention and graduation rates, passage rates on state licensing examinations, and information on employment. We encourage you to contact our Associate Provost for Institutional Accreditation & Effectiveness if you have questions or would like additional information about this website. The Associate Provost serves as W&M’s Liaison to the university’s regional accrediting agency, the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges (SACSCOC) and can assist you in finding what you are looking for with respect to student achievement at W&M.

Retention & Graduation

William & Mary tracks retention and graduation rates. The university’s retention rate (the percentage of first-year students who remain for their second year) is 95%. Ninety percent of admitted students complete the degree at W&M within six years. Among the 266 research universities included in the 2018 IPEDS Carnegie Classification group of doctoral universities of very high and high research activities, W&M is ranked 35th in its retention and 27th in its six-year graduation rate. Among the 180 public institutions within this group of 266, W&M is ranked second in retention and fourth in graduation rates. Even so, the university has established a goal of increasing the graduation rate from 90% to 93%.

In order to understand why some students who start at W&M do not stay through graduation, the university conducts exit interviews and analyzes data from the National Student Clearinghouse. Analyses indicate that most students who start at W&M as freshmen but do not graduate from the university transfer to other institutions. The reasons for transferring vary considerably (e.g., to pursue degrees not offered at W&M, location, health, and other personal reasons). 

Retention & Six-Year Graduation Rates
Four-column table of retention, graduation, and transferred out rates for year indicated.
Retention* Graduation* Transferred Out *
2009 95% 91% 4%
2010 95% 90% 5%
2011 95% 91%    7% +
2012 96% 90% 8%
2013 96% 90% 7%
2014 95% 90% 8%
2015 95% 90% 8%
2016 95% 91% 7%
2017 95% 92% 5%
2018 95% 91% 6%
2019 95% 90% 7%

*Data source: IPEDS
+In 2011, began using new data source for Transferred Out rate: National Student Clearinghouse

Licensing and Certification Examinations

As measures of student achievement, the School of Education and Law School monitor student performance on licensure and certification examinations with the goal of maintaining or improving scores over time. 

William & Mary School of Education

The School of Education reports on measures related to graduate impact and outcomes as indicators of the success of their programs and graduates. Impact measures include graduates' impact on student learning and development, graduates' effectiveness in teaching, satisfaction of employers with our graduates' performance, and satisfaction of our graduates with their preparation. Outcome measures include graduation rates, the ability of graduates to meet licensing requirements, the ability of graduates to be hired in the field in which they have been prepared, and student loan default rates. 

William & Mary Law School

The Law School tracks bar exam pass rates. Graduates sit for the bar exam in the state where they expect to practice law. W&M law graduates choose to practice, and thus sit for the bar exam, in states throughout the country. Bar passage rates where five or more students sat for the exam in the year indicated are as follows:  

Law School Bar Pass Rates


Takers   Pass%


Takers   Pass%


Takers   Pass %


Takers   Pass %

ALL 207          86% 177         90% 201        90% 218        92%
Virginia 90             87%   87           87%  93         85% 94           88%
New York 25             88% 33          100%  28         96% 20           100%
Maryland ------------------ ------------------    8         100% 15            87%
Pennsylvania 8              100% 5            100%  10         100% -----------------
California ------------------ 5              80% ------------------- 16            81%
Massachusetts 8               100% 7           100% ---------------- ----------------
New Jersey ------------------ ------------------   8          100% ----------------
Florida ------------------ 5          100%   5           100% ----------------
North Carolina ------------------- 8           75% ---------------- ----------------
Ohio ------------------- 5           100% ---------------- ----------------
District of Columbia 17             100% ---------------- ---------------- ----------------
Texas 6                 67% ---------------- ---------------- ----------------
Employment & Other Indicators of Student Achievement

William & Mary collects next destination outcomes within six months of graduation for all undergraduates, with a knowledge rate (data from survey responses and reliable knowledge) of over 60%.  For the Class of 2018, the rate was 72%.  A summary of responses shows the breadth of post-graduate professional and educational pursuits of our most recent graduates. About 76% of recent graduates are employed; 17% are enrolled in or planning to enroll in graduate or professional schools and 7% are looking for work or doing other things, such as traveling and volunteering. 

The university also looks at external references to monitor student achievement. For example, the National Science Foundation (NSF) created a list of the fifty baccalaureate-granting institutions with the highest percentage of graduates going on to earn doctorates in the sciences and engineering. W&M was one of only three public schools to be placed on that list. (Baccalaureate Origins of U.S.-trained S&E Doctorate Recipients, InfoBrief, NSF 13-323, April 2013). 

The Arts & Sciences graduate programs collect information on their graduates such as placements, publications, and research completed (Anthropology, Applied Science, Computer Science, History, Physics). The School of Education also posts current positions and comments from their graduates. The School of Marine Science presents alumni portfolios that include professional positions and activities of marine science graduates and describe how their degrees contribute to their professional pursuits.

The Raymond A. Mason School of Business collects data on graduate business students who have received offers of employment by graduation and three months after graduation, type of industry, and compensation. For example, 91% of the 2019 full-time MBA Class seeking employment received job offers within three months of graduation with an average base salary of $95,159.

In the Law School, the Office of Career Services tracks and publicly reports employment data for the most recent graduating class as ten months after their graduation (March). For the class of 2019, information about post-graduate placement was obtained for 219 of 230 graduates. Of those, 217 were employed. The Law School also posts employment highlights of the graduating class.

Evidence of the quality of W&M’s academic programs is also provided by various rankings. Academic excellence and other key components of W&M’s mission are noted when, for example, U.S. News & World Report ranks the university 11th among public universities in the nation, fourth among public universities for best undergraduate teaching, and 39th overall among national universities. Forbes ranks W&M as the ninth best state-supported school and 31st among research universities. Specific programs also are ranked: Poets & Quants ranked W&M's Mason School of Business 12th among undergraduate business schools in the nation. U.S. News & World Report ranked the graduate program in U.S. Colonial History third and the History program 27th, and the Law School 31st.