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George Tayloe Ross Address On International Peace

The annual George Tayloe Ross Address on International Peace was established by George Tayloe Ross to promote peace by exploring and investigating topics of current interest that affect relations among nations, ranging from international political matters to environmental questions. It was inaugurated in 1988 with an address by former Undersecretary of State George Ball. 

Previous speakers include:
List of previous speakers
Alissa Rubin

Alissa Johannsen Rubin is Senior International Correspondent for the New York Times, covering climate and conflict issues in the Middle East. She is former Bureau Chief in Baghdad, Kabul and Paris and the recipient of a number of significant awards for her reporting, including the John Chancellor Award for Excellence in Journalism for her coverage of fifteen years of war in Afghanistan and Iraq; the James K. Batten Medal for public service journalism coverage; the Michael Kelly Award, given by the Atlantic Council for articles on the ongoing plight of Afghan women after fifteen years of United States involvement in the country, and the 2016 Pulitzer Prize for International Reporting.

Monica Ruiz

Monica M. Ruiz is Senior Government Affairs Manager, Digital Diplomacy. She focuses on efforts to promote stability in cyberspace and advance trust, security and human rights in this domain. Prior to joining Microsoft, Monica was the Program Fellow for the Cyber Initiative and Special Projects at the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. Earlier in her career, she was the first recipient of the U.S. Boren Fellowship to travel to Estonia where her research focused on cybersecurity policy and strategy. Born in Ecuador and raised in Miami, she holds a bachelor’s degree from Florida International University and a master’s degree from The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University. Follow her on Twitter at @mruiz12.

Daniel Ziblatt

Daniel Ziblatt is Eaton Professor of the Science of Government at Harvard University and since October 2020 the new Director of the Transformations of Democracy research unit of the WZB Berlin Social Science Center. He has been awarded the 2019 Berlin Prize by the American Academy in Berlin and was Karl W. Deutsch Visiting Professor at the WZB from 2019 to 2020. His book How Democracies Die (with Steven Levitsky, Crown, 2018), a New York Times bestseller, has been translated into over fifteen languages. His book Conservative Parties and the Birth of Democracy (Cambridge University Press, 2017), an account of Europe's historical democratization, won the American Political Science Association's 2018 Woodrow Wilson Prize for the best book in government and international relations and three other prizes including the American Sociological Association's 2018 Barrington Moore Award for the best book in comparative historical sociology.

Ziblatt received his Ph.D. from the Department of Political Science, University of California, Berkeley; and his B.A. in German Studies and Politics (double major), Magna Cum Laude from Pomona College.

Timothy Snyder

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Timothy Snyder is the Richard C. Levin Professor of History at Yale University and a permanent fellow at the Institute for Human Sciences in Vienna. He speaks five and reads ten European languages. Snyder is a prolific author, whose recent books include: Black Earth: The Holocaust as History and Warning (2015); On Tyranny: Twenty Lessons from the Twentieth Century (2017); The Road to Unfreedom: Russia, Europe, America (2018); and Our Malady: Lessons in Liberty from a Hospital Diary (2020). Snyder's work has appeared in forty languages and has received a number of prizes, including the Emerson Prize in the Humanities, the Literature Award of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, the Václav Havel Foundation prize, the Foundation for Polish Science prize in the social sciences, the Leipzig Award for European Understanding, the Dutch Auschwitz Committee award, and the Hannah Arendt Prize in Political Thought. Snyder was a Marshall Scholar at Oxford, has received the Carnegie and Guggenheim fellowships, and holds state orders from Estonia, Lithuania, and Poland. He has appeared in documentaries, on network television, and in major films. His books have inspired poster campaigns and exhibitions, films, sculpture, a punk rock song, a rap song, a play, and an opera. His words are quoted in political demonstrations around the world, most recently in Hong Kong. He is researching a family history of nationalism and finishing a philosophical book about freedom.

Panel Discussion: American-British-EU Realignment: Post-Brexit Possibilities


Richard Kraemer '94, President, US-Europe Alliance, previously managed the National Endowment for Democracy’s program portfolio on Afghanistan, Iran and Turkey. Prior to NED, he managed programs in those states and the Levant at the Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE). Richard also taught law and researched at the Jagiellonian University in Krakow, Poland. He is a Eurasia Program Fellow at the Foreign Policy Research Institute and an affiliated expert of the Public International Law and Policy Group, where he advised the governments of Georgia and Montenegro. A member of the New York State Bar Association, Richard holds a JD from American University and a BA from the College of William and Mary. He’s appeared in numerous international and U.S. media. He is professionally proficient in Dari, Farsi, and Polish.

Susan Corke ‘96 is a senior fellow and director of the bipartisan Transatlantic Democracy Working Group (TDWG) with The German Marshall Fund of the United States (GMF) based in the Washington, DC, office. Prior to joining GMF, she was director of Countering Antisemitism and Extremism at Human Rights First, where she worked to ensure that the United States led internationally on combating antisemitism and extremism in partnership with European allies.  She joined Human Rights First after almost 5 years at Freedom House where she was director of programs for Europe, Eurasia, and Southeast Asia and also led corporate engagement efforts in New York.  Before joining Freedom House, Susan held senior positions at the U.S. Department of State including at U.S. Embassy Moscow, U.S. Embassy Prague, the Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs, and in the Bureau of Public Affairs as a Presidential Management Fellow. Susan has a Master’s degree in International Affairs from George Washington University’s Elliott School of International Affairs with concentrations in International Law and Conflict Resolution, and a bachelor’s degree from William & Mary.

Damir Marusic is a nonresident senior fellow with the Atlantic Council’s Future Europe Initiative. He specifically works on the Council’s #BalkansForward Initiative, a unique, coordinated effort to foster a democratic, secure, and prosperous Western Balkans firmly integrated into the transatlantic community. He is also the executive editor of The American Interest, a multi-platform foreign and domestic policy magazine that seeks “to explain America to the world, and the world to Americans.” Marusic was previously a fellow in the World Affairs Journal’s Transatlantic Fellowship Program, where he participated in an exchange to bring together the next generation of leaders from the United States and Europe, and a program and grants associate at the International Youth Foundation. He received an MA in International Relations from the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies and a BA in Philosophy, also from Johns Hopkins University.

Clay Clemens did his doctoral work at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University and has taught in the Government Department at William and Mary since 1985.  He teaches on comparative politics with an emphasis on Europe. His research specialization is German party politics. He is editor (with William Paterson) of The Kohl Chancellorship (Frank Cass/1998), NATO and the Quest for Post-Cold War Security (St. Martin's/1997), and (with Thomas Saalfeld) The German Election of 2005 (Routledge, 2007). His articles have appeared in West European Politics, International Affairs and Armed Forces and Society. He is a frequent contributor to the journals German Politics and German Politics & Society.

A Conversation with Ta-Nehisi Coates & Professor Benjamin Talton

Ta-Nehisi Coates is a distinguished writer in residence at NYU’s Arthur L. Carter Journalism Institute. He is the author of the bestselling books The Beautiful StruggleWe Were Eight Years in Power, and Between The World And Me, which won the National Book Award in 2015. His first novel, The Water Dancer, was released on September 24, 2019. Ta-Nehisi is a recipient of a MacArthur Fellowship. He is also the current author of the Marvel comics The Black Panther and Captain America.

Professor Benjamin Talton is a Professor of African history at Temple University. His research, writing, and teaching focus on politics and culture in modern Africa and the African Diaspora. Professor Talton has formerly been a Visiting Senior Lecturer and Scholar-in-Residence at the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in Kumasi, Ghana.

Professor Talton’s publications include three books: The Politics of Social Change in Ghana: The Konkomba Struggle for Political Equality (Palgrave, 2010) and Black Subjects in Africa and its Diasporas: Race and Gender in Research and Writing, with Dr. Quincy Mills—Vassar College—(Palgrave, 2011), and, most recently, In This Land of Plenty: Mickey Leland and Africa in American Politics (UPenn Press, 2019). He is currently an editor of African Studies Review, an interdisciplinary, peer-review journal.

Professor Talton serves on the executive board of the Association for the Study of the Worldwide African Diaspora (ASWAD) and is a past president of the Ghana Studies Association.

Dr. Anne-Marie Slaughter

Dr. Slaughter is the President and CEO of New America, a think and action tank dedicated to renewing America in the Digital Age. She is also the Bert G. Kerstetter '66 University Professor Emerita of Politics and International Affairs at Princeton University. From 2009–2011 she served as director of Policy Planning for the United States Department of State, the first woman to hold that position. Upon leaving the State Department she received the Secretary's Distinguished Service Award for her work, as well as meritorious service awards from USAID and the Supreme Allied Commander for Europe. Prior to her government service, Dr. Slaughter was the Dean of Princeton's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs from 2002–2009 and the J. Sinclair Armstrong Professor of International, Foreign, and Comparative Law at Harvard Law School from 1994-2002.

Dr. Slaughter has written or edited eight books, including The Chessboard and the Web: Strategies of Connection in a Networked World (2017), Unfinished Business: Women, Men, Work, Family (2015), The Idea That Is America: Keeping Faith with Our Values in a Dangerous World (2007), and A New World Order (2004), as well as over 100 scholarly articles. 

Lecture: "Global Hotspots and Blind Spots on the Geopolitical Landscape"

Soh Yeong Roh

Soh Yeong Roh '84 works globally at the intersection of art and technology, promoting collaboration and understanding among science technology, humanities and arts.

As the founder and director of Art Center Nabi, a media art center based in Seoul, Korea, she has been on the leading edge of 'humanizing' technology, while working with robotics, Artificial Intelligence (AI), and big data. Through Art Center Nabi, Roh has produced, exhibited and critiqued various kinds of digital art. Following her interest in robotics and human emotions, the Nabi Lab has also produced various types of “emotional” robots.

Roh studied economics at William & Mary and did graduate work in economics at the University of Chicago. She earned her master’s degree in education from Stanford University, and then did graduate study in media communication at Yonsei University, Seoul.

Additionally, Roh teaches at Seoul National University, and she is on the board of the Advanced Institutes of Convergence Technology and the Nam Jun Paik Museum. She is the author of several books including This is Media Art and Digital Art.

Sir Hilary Beckles

Sir Hilary Beckles is Vice Chancellor of the University of the West Indies and Chairman of the Caribbean Community Commission on Reparation and Social Justice [CARICOM]. Sir Hilary has been at the forefront of an international legal effort for reparations from European slave-trading nations. He is a prolific scholar, a committed activist for social justice, and among the most distinguished public intellectuals in the Caribbean.

Sir Hilary is Vice President of the International Task force for the UNESCO Slave Route Project; a consultant for the UNESCO Cities for Peace Global Programme; and in 2014 was appointed by the Secretary General of the United Nations, Ban Ki-Moon, to his inaugural United Nations Secretary-General’s Scientific Advisory Board on sustainable development. Sir Hilary is also an Editor of the UNESCO General History of Africa. 

Sir Hilary was made a Commander Knight of St Andrew (KA), Barbados’ highest honour, in recognition of his distinguished service in the field of education and his dedication to the furtherance of the arts and sports, in particular cricket.

He has lectured extensively in Europe, Africa, Asia and the Americas and has published more than ten academic books including Britain’s Black Debt: Reparations for Slavery in the Caribbean (2013); Centering Woman: Gender Discourses in Caribbean Slave Society (1999); White Servitude and Black Slavery in Barbados 1627-1715 (1990); The History of Barbados (1990); Natural Rebels: A History of Enslaved Black Women in the Caribbean (1989); The Development of West Indies Cricket: Volume One, The Age of Nationalism; and Volume Two, The Age of Globalisation, (1999); A Nation Imagined: The First West Indies Test Team: The 1928 Tour (2003). 

Sir Hilary received his higher education in the United Kingdom and graduated with a BA (Hons) degree in Economic and Social History from Hull University in 1976, and a PhD from the same university in 1980. He has received numerous awards including Honorary Doctor of Letters (Brock); (Glasgow); (Hull); (KNUST), in recognition of his major contribution to academic research into transatlantic slavery, popular culture, and sport. 

Celeste A. Wallander

Dr. Celeste A. Wallander is Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Senior Director for Russia and Central Asia on the National Security Council Staff.  She served in the Office of International Security Affairs (ISA) as the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Russia/Ukraine/Eurasia from May 2009 to July 2012, where she was the principal advisor to the Secretary of Defense on all defense and policy matters as they pertain to Russia, Ukraine, and Eurasia, including the Western Balkans. 

Previously, she was a professor in the School of International Service at American University and director of the M.A. Program in Global Governance, Politics, and Security (2009-2013), Transatlantic Fellow of the German Marshall Fund of the United States (2012-2013), visiting professor at Georgetown University (2006-2008), Director and Senior Fellow of the Russia and Eurasia Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (2001-2006), Senior Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations in Washington, D.C. (2000-2001), and professor of Government at Harvard University (1989-2000). She is the founder of the Program on New Approaches to Russian Security and the Eurasian Strategy Project.

Dr. Wallander received her Ph.D. (1990), M.Phil. (1986) and M.A. (1985) degrees in political science from Yale University, and her B.A. (1983 – summa cum laude) in political science from Northwestern University.  She has received fellowships and research grants from the National Science Foundation, the German Marshall Fund of the United States, the National Council for Soviet and East European Research, Carnegie Corporation of New York, the MacArthur Foundation, Smith-Richardson Foundation, and the Mott Foundation. She is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the Atlantic Council of the United States, and the International Institute for Strategic Studies.

James Goldgeier

James Goldgeier is Dean of the School of International Service at American University. Prior to joining AU, he was a professor of political science and international affairs at George Washington University. He taught previously at Cornell University, and has held appointments at Stanford University’s Center for International Security and Cooperation, the State Department, the National Security Council staff, the Brookings Institution, the Council on Foreign Relations, the Library of Congress, the Woodrow Wilson Center, the Hoover Institution, and the German Marshall Fund’s Transatlantic Academy. From 2001-2005, he directed GWU’s Institute for European, Russian and Eurasian Studies. His books include: America Between the Wars: From 11/9 to 9/11 (co-authored with Derek Chollet); Power and Purpose: U.S. Policy toward Russia after the Cold War (co-authored with Michael McFaul); and Not Whether But When: The U.S. Decision to Enlarge NATO. He is the recipient of the Edgar S. Furniss book award in national and international security and co-recipient of the Georgetown University Lepgold Book Prize in international relations. Among his current projects, Goldgeier and collaborators at Duke University and the University of California, Berkeley, lead the Bridging the Gap initiative, which encourages, trains and advocates for scholars and doctoral students to produce research-oriented policy-relevant scholarship and theoretically grounded policy work.
Lecture: "Can the liberal international order survive?"

Timur Kuran

Professor of Economics and Political Science, and Gorter Family Professor of Islamic Studies at Duke University. His research focuses on social change, including the evolution of preferences and institutions, and the economic history and thought of the Middle East. His current projects include a study of the role that the Middle East’s traditional institutions played in its poor political performance, as measured by democratization and human liberties. Among his publications are Private Truths, Public Lies: The Social Consequences of Preference Falsification (Harvard University Press); Islam and Mammon: The Economic Predicaments of Islamism (Princeton University Press); The Long Divergence: How Islamic Law Held Back the Middle East (Princeton University Press); and a tri-lingual edited work that consists of ten volumes, Socio-Economic Life in Seventeenth-century Istanbul: Glimpses from Court Records (İş Bank Publications).
Lecture: "Religious and Legal Roots of Authoritarianism in the Middle East"

Jeffrey Kopstein

Director of the Centre for Jewish Studies and Professor of Political Science at the University of Toronto. Former Director of the Centre for European, Russian, and Eurasian Studies at the University of Toronto, and Director of the Central and East European Studies Program at the University of Colorado at Boulder. Former James Bryant Conant Fellow in German and European Studies at Harvard University’s Center for European Studies and an Alexander von Humboldt Foundation Research Fellow, among others. Co-editor of Growing Apart? America and Europe in the 21st Century (2008) and Comparative Politics: Interests, Identities, and Institutions in a Changing Global Order (4th ed. 2013) and author of The Politics of Economic Decline in East Germany 1945 – 1989 (1997).
Lecture: “Why Neighbors Kill Neighbors: The Political Origins of Anti-Jewish Violence”

Mark Suzman

Managing Director for International Policy and Programs at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Member of the Center for Strategic and International Studies’ Executive Council on Development and the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Poverty & Sustainable Development. Former Director of Global Development Policy, Advocacy, & Special Initiatives at the Foundation. Senior Advisor for Policy and Strategic Communications in the Office of the Secretary General of the United Nations from 2005 to 2007. Former correspondent for the Financial Times in Johannesburg, London, and Washington, D.C.
Lecture: “Development, Africa, and Millennium Development Goals: Why the World is Getting Better Faster than You Think and How We Can Accelerate Progress”

Ryan Crocker

Former United States Ambassador to Afghanistan (2011 – 2012), Iraq (2007 – 2009), Pakistan (2004 – 2007), Syria (1998 – 2001), Kuwait (1994 – 1997) and Lebanon (1990 – 1993). Appointed Dean of Texas A&M University’s George Bush School of Government and Public Service. Named an Honorary Marine by the United States Marine Corps. Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President George W. Bush in 2009. Recipient of the Presidential Distinguished Service Award, the Secretary of States’ Distinguished Service Award, and the State Department Distinguished Honor Award, among others.
Lecture: “Lessons from a Long War: The U.S. and the Broader Middle East”

Edward Lacey
Former Deputy Director of the Office of Policy Planning, United States Department of State, Principal Assistant Secretary of State for Verification and Compliance, Deputy Assistant Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, and Principal Deputy Director of the Department of Defense On-Site Inspection Agency. Recipient of the Secretary of Defense Medal for Meritorious Service and the Department of State Superior Honor Award.
Discussion: Foreign policy of the United States of America
Reinares Fernando

Professor and Chair of Political Science and Security Studies, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Spain. Senior Analyst on International Terrorism at Real Instituto Elcano, a Spanish think tank. Member of the Council on Global Terrorism, Washington, D.C. Former Senior Adviser on Antiterrorist Policy to the Spanish Interior Minister. Contributing editor of Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, editorial board member of Terrorism and Political Violence, Democracy and Security, Cultures et Conflits and Sécurité Globale.
Discussion: Current terrorist threats to Europe and the United States

Paula J. Dobriansky

Holds the Distinguished National Security Chair at the United States Naval Academy, and is an adjunct senior fellow at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government. From 2001 to 2009, served as Under Secretary of State for Democracy and Global Affairs. Appointed special envoy to Northern Ireland by President George W. Bush in 2007. Former member of the U.S. Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy, by presidential appointment, and Director of European and Soviet Affairs at the National Security Council. Recipient of the Secretary of State’s Distinguished Service Medal.      
Lecture: “From Globaloney to Global Issues: A New Agenda for the 21st Century”

Allan Gerson

Chairman of the Gerson International Law Group, a Washington, D.C., based firm specializing in public international law and its interplay with complex litigation and political support. Gerson brought the first suit against Libya on behalf of the families of the victims of Pan Am flight 104, and helped pass the 1996 law making it possible for citizens to hold foreign governments accountable for acts of terrorism. Gerson co-authored The Price of Terror (2001) with Newsweek Senior Editor Jerry Adler. Other works include Israel, The West Bank and International Law (1978), The Kirkpatrick Mission: Diplomacy Without Apology (1991) and Privatizing Peace: From Conflict to Security (2002).
Lecture: “Privatizing Justice: Representing the Victims of Terrorism and Human Rights Abuses”

About George Tayloe Ross

George Tayloe Ross, the son of two governors of Wyoming, was a graduate of the University of Wyoming and later studied law as a Rhodes Scholar to Oxford University in England.

His mother, Nellie Tayloe Ross, was the nation’s first elected woman governor as well as the first female director of the U.S. Mint from 1933-53. Mrs. Ross was elected to succeed his father, William B. Ross, in 1924.

As a lawyer in New York, he became involved in the first presidential campaign of Franklin Roosevelt. Mr. Ross was a founder and the first vice president of the Young Democrats of America and also served as deputy administrator of the National Recovery Administration.

During World War II, he was president of Langley Aviation Corp. and served on the post-war planning committee of the National Association of Manufacturers. Mr. Ross became U.S. commissioner to the International Chamber of Commerce in 1946. He served as a consultant to the Economic and Social Justice Council of the United Nations and helped to implement the Marshall Plan for European economic recovery. In later years, he was director of the Division of Industry and Public Administration in the State Department’s Point Four program of assistance to underdeveloped nations.

As a real estate broker during the 1960s, Mr. Ross and the late Dewey Renick of James City County arranged the transaction which resulted in the development of the Anheuser-Busch brewery, Busch Gardens and the Kingsmill residential community and business center.

During his retirement years, Mr. Ross was active in the Williamsburg community and William & Mary.

In 1983, he arranged the Williamsburg Community Forum on Arms Control which preceded the Summit of Industrialized Nations, thus enabling the distribution of forum transcripts to several thousand journalists covering the summit.

At William & Mary, he provided an endowment in the memory of Dewey and Fern Renick and also endowed the George Taylor Ross Lecture Series which was inaugurated in 1988 with an address by former Undersecretary of State George Ball. He was a leader in developing what has become the college’s Reves Center for International Studies. [source: Daily Press]