William & Mary

McGlothlin-Street Hall

  • Abies firma
    Abies firma  A pair of Momi Firs.  
  • Nameplates
    Nameplates  Many trees in the collection have identifying tags. These consist of a plastic nameplate adhered to a piece of treated wood, nailed directly into the tree. This technique allows the tags to "grow" with the tree rather than becoming covered with bark.  
  • Pinus palustris
    Pinus palustris  Longleaf Pine.  
  • Chamaecyparis nootkatensis
    Chamaecyparis nootkatensis  Alaska Cedar.  
  • Cunninghamia lanceolata
    Cunninghamia lanceolata  Closeup showing cones of the China Fir.  
  • Pinus bungeana
    Pinus bungeana  Lacebark Pine on the west side of McGlothlin-Street Hall.  
  • Pinus bungeana
    Pinus bungeana  Closeup showing the distinctive bark of the Lacebark pine.  
  • Ginkgo biloba
    Ginkgo biloba  The Ginkgo (at right) is the only tree species with a fan-shaped leaf.  
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The sloping area between McGlothlin-Street Hall and the residence halls to the south contains a number of interesting specimens. Closest to the residence halls are several Gingkos (Ginkgo biloba), the only tree species with a fan-shaped leaf. Fossil evidence indicates the Gingko dates back 270 million years, with the modern species surviving in a small area of central China.

Note the pair of Momi Firs (Abies firma), a species native to central and southern Japan. Nearby are an Alaska Cedar (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis) and China Fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata).

The young Longleaf Pine (Pinus palustris) has completed this species' earliest "grass" stage (lasting 3-7 years), when it sends down a long taproot and presents only a tufted ball of needles low to the ground. Subsequent growth is usually rapid; mature specimens can reach more than 100 feet in 150 years and can survive for 500 years. Before heavy logging in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries the Longleaf Pine comprised a dense forest of an estimated 90 million acres, stretching from Virginia south to Florida and then west to Texas. Only 3 percent of that stand survives today. Soft and easily worked when fresh-cut, the Longleaf Pine has a very high concentration of resin that hardens over time. It was the timber of choice for building ships (also supplying resin and turpentine), warehouses, and many antebellum houses. The wide plank flooring often referred to as "heart pine" is usually Longleaf Pine.

The west side of McGlothlin-Street Hall features a Lacebark Pine (Pinus bungeana), a slow-growing tree native to northeastern and central China.

The area adjacent to the south side of McGlothlin-Street Hall features a Lacebark Pine (Pinus bungeana), an Alaska-Cedar (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis), and a Slippery Elm (Ulmus rubra). Nearby grows a China Fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata) and a Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba). On the lawn south of McGlothlin-Street Hall are two Momi Firs (Abies firma).