William & Mary is among a number of colleges and universities looking into their past in regard to slavery and race. A wiki on Slavery and Universities offers further information.
Nearby Colonial Williamsburg has greatly expanded its interpretation of colonial African American life in the last few decades. Their website has a good collection of documents and biographies of enslaved and free blacks in eighteenth-century Williamsburg.
Want to do local research but aren’t sure where to start? Try your luck in the Virginia Heritage Database and search the archival collections of 27 different Virginia libraries all at once.
The Library of Congress’s American Memory website has some amazing digital collections of African American photographs, pamphlets, documents, and more.
Harvard’s W.E.B. Du Bois Institute for African and African American Research is the home for a number of research and outreach projects related to African American history.
The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History is an excellent resource for those looking to get an overview of current scholarship on slavery and abolition. Podcasts, online journals, and curriculum modules provide a wealth of information for many interests.
The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database has information on almost 35,000 slaving voyages.
The Virginia Historical Society's Unknown No Longer is a database that mines the Society's unpublished documents for the names of enslaved Virginians. The database is searchable by name, gender, and occupation.
UCARE (University and Community Action for Racial Equality) is part of the University of Virginia's effort to address, raise awareness, and create understanding about the University's role in slavery, discrimination, and segregation.