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Fall 2014

September 5, 2014 (Friday) 4:00-5:00p.m. Small Hall 110
Speaker: Dr. Predrag Nikolic, GMU
Host: Prof. Enrico Rossi
Title: The rise of topological quantum entanglement

Abstract: Entanglement is at the heart of quantum mechanics, the fundamental theory of our world. Yet, it is hardly ever seen in macroscopic collections of particles. We presently know of only one real system that is macroscopically entangled in a non-trivial way beyond any doubt. This is the two-dimensional electron gas in a magnetic field strong enough to produce fractional quantum Hall effect. Several other material families may also realize macroscopically entangled quantum states of strongly interacting electrons. This talk will be devoted to one such family, known as "topological insulators" (TIs), which recently became a world-wide research focus. More specifically, samarium hexaboride (SmB6) and its subfamily of Kondo (heavy fermion) insulators are the first promising candidates for strongly correlated TIs. I will present a neutron scattering experiment combined with field-theory calculations that indeed paint SmB6 as a correlated topological material. Then, I will discuss the rich physics of exotic symmetry breaking and electron fractionalization that one can anticipate in Kondo TIs. With some luck, these and similar materials may provide a new playground for exploring fundamental phenomena in nature, and perhaps even a new setting for topological quantum computation.


September 12, 2014 (Friday) 4:00-5:00p.m. Small Hall 110
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September 19, 2014 (Friday) 4:00-5:00p.m. Small Hall 110
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September 26, 2014 (Friday) 4:00-5:00p.m. Small Hall 110
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October 3, 2014 (Friday) 4:00-5:00p.m. Small Hall 110
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October 10, 2014  (Friday) 4:00-5:00p.m. Small Hall 110
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October 24, 2014 (Friday) 4:00-5:00p.m Small Hall 110
Speaker: Dr. James Eckstein, University of Illinois - Urbana
Host: Prof. Mumtaz Qazilbash
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October 31, 2014 (Friday) 4:00-5:00p.m. Small Hall 110
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November 7, 2014 (Friday) 4:00-5:00p.m. Small Hall 110
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November 14, 2014 (Friday) 4:00-5:00p.m. Small Hall 122
Speaker: Dr. Vincent Liu, University of Pittsburgh
Host: Prof. Enrico Rossi
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November 21, 2014 (Friday) 4:00-5:00p.m. Small Hall 122
Speaker: Dr. Marcus Diefenthaler (University of Illinois - Urbana
Host: Prof. Wouter Deconinck
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December 5, 2014 (Friday) 4:00-5:00p.m. Small Hall 122
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