|ADD/ADHD||Auditory Processing Disorder||Autism|
|Dyslexia||Epilepsy||Executive Functioning Disorder|
|Tourette Syndrome||Visual Processing Disorder|
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a brain disorder marked by an ongoing pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) begins early in childhood and lasts throughout a person's life. It affects how a person acts and interacts with others, communicates, and learns. It includes what used to be known as Asperger syndrome and pervasive developmental disorders. It is called a "spectrum" disorder because people with ASD can have a range of symptoms. People with ASD might have problems talking with you, or they might not look you in the eye when you talk to them. They may also have restricted interests and repetitive behaviors. They may spend a lot of time putting things in order, or they may say the same sentence again and again. They may often seem to be in their "own world” (Medline).
Down Syndrome (NICHD)
Down syndrome is a condition in which a person is born with an extra copy of chromosome 21. People with Down syndrome can have physical problems, as well as intellectual disabilities. Every person born with Down syndrome is different. People with the syndrome may also have other health problems. They may be born with heart disease. They may have dementia. They may have hearing problems and problems with the intestines, eyes, thyroid, and skeleton (Medline).
Dyslexia is a brain-based type of learning disability that specifically impairs a person's ability to read. These individuals typically read at levels significantly lower than expected despite having normal intelligence. Although the disorder varies from person to person, common characteristics among people with dyslexia are difficulty with phonological processing (the manipulation of sounds), spelling, and/or rapid visual-verbal responding.
Dysgraphia is a neurological disorder characterized by writing disabilities. Specifically, the disorder causes a person's writing to be distorted or incorrect.
Epilepsy is a brain disorder that causes people to have recurring seizures. The seizures happen when clusters of nerve cells, or neurons, in the brain send out the wrong signals. People may have strange sensations and emotions or behave strangely. They may have violent muscle spasms or lose consciousness (Medline).
Tourette Syndrome (NINDS)
If you have Tourette syndrome, you make unusual movements or sounds, called tics. You have little or no control over them. Common tics are throat-clearing and blinking. You may repeat words, spin, or, rarely, blurt out swear words. Tourette syndrome is a disorder of the nervous system. It often occurs with other problems, such as ADHD, OCD, anxiety, and/or depression (Medline).
Executive Functioning Disorder(LD OnLine.org)
Auditory Processing Disorder (Learning Disabilities Association of America)
Visual Processing Disorder (LD OnLine.org)
Dyscalculia (Learning Disabilities Association of America)
Questions and Concerns
For more information about these conditions or to set-up an appointment to have a private conversation, please contact the [[sas, SAS Staff]].
Please let us know if you believe anything is offensive or should be changed. Also, if you would like to see any other conditions included, please let the [[sas, SAS Staff]] know!