Background and Methods

Topographic setting of Site 44JC969. The slave quarter component of the site was located on the north side of Route 199 and east of the ravine that skirts the east side of Quarterpath Road.Excavations at Southall's Quarter took place on a portion of a site that was designated 44JC969. Besides representing a small complex of eighteenth-century slave cabins, Site 44JC969 also includes a brief prehistoric occupation and remnants of a dwelling area dating as far back as the mid- to late seventeenth century.

The area for intensive data recovery excavation was limited to the 1.5-acre eighteenth-century portion of the site north of Route 199, where road widening activities would occur. Site 44JC969 is situated on a broad, wooded terrace, less than a mile east of the Colonial National Historical Parkway, at an elevation of 69 feet above mean sea level. The site is bisected by Route 199 along its east-west axis and is cut by Mounts Bay Road near its western edge.

The site is generally flat, with a gradual slope from northeast to southwest. More extreme slopes are present just north and south of the Mounts Bay Road/Route 199 intersection. Site soils are part of the Kempsville-Emporia complex (Hodges et al. 1985). The site was covered with mature, secondary-growth, mixed hardwood forest consisting of young and mature oak, pine, poplar, and beech trees. Numerous tree stumps indicated the area had been timbered recently.