There are many options available for women who wish to protect themselves from unplanned pregnancies and/or sexually transmitted infections. Be sure to examine each of them carefully and ask questions of your provider so that you may choose the right one for you.
The effectiveness for each method often contains a range. This is because there is a difference between typical use (not always correct and consistent) and perfect use (used correctly and consistently).
Hormonal Methods (protect against pregnancy but NOT STIs)
Hormonal methods of contraception contain synthetic versions of reproductive hormones a woman’s body produces. These methods are available by prescription only (exception: Emergency Contraception is available without a prescription if you’re over age 18). They work by preventing ovulation (sperm can’t fertilize an egg if it’s not released from the ovary), thickening cervical mucus (making it hard for sperm to reach the uterus), and thinning the lining of the uterus (to prevent implantation).
Hormonal Methods Discussed in this section:
- Oral Contraceptives
- Nuva Ring
- Emergency Contraception
*Visit the source for this contraception information.