The George Tayloe Ross Addresses on International Peace series provides for an address or series of lectures given annually, under the auspices of the Faculty of Arts & Sciences, dealing with international topics and to promote peace.
Lecture: "Religious and Legal Roots of Authoritarianism in the Middle East" on January 22, 2014 at 5:30pm in Andrews Hall 101.
Professor of Economics and Political Science, and Gorter Family Professor of Islamic Studies at Duke University. His research focuses on social change, including the evolution of preferences and institutions, and the economic history and thought of the Middle East. His current projects include a study of the role that the Middle East’s traditional institutions played in its poor political performance, as measured by democratization and human liberties. Among his publications are Private Truths, Public Lies: The Social Consequences of Preference Falsification (Harvard University Press); Islam and Mammon: The Economic Predicaments of Islamism (Princeton University Press); The Long Divergence: How Islamic Law Held Back the Middle East (Princeton University Press); and a tri-lingual edited work that consists of ten volumes, Socio-Economic Life in Seventeenth-century Istanbul: Glimpses from Court Records (İş Bank Publications).
Past Tayloe Ross lecturers include:
Director of the Centre for Jewish Studies and Professor of Political Science at the University of Toronto. Former Director of the Centre for European, Russian, and Eurasian Studies at the University of Toronto, and Director of the Central and East European Studies Program at the University of Colorado at Boulder. Former James Bryant Conant Fellow in German and European Studies at Harvard University’s Center for European Studies and an Alexander von Humboldt Foundation Research Fellow, among others. Co-editor of Growing Apart? America and Europe in the 21st Century (2008) and Comparative Politics: Interests, Identities, and Institutions in a Changing Global Order (4th ed. 2013) and author of The Politics of Economic Decline in East Germany 1945 – 1989 (1997).
Lecture: “Why Neighbors Kill Neighbors: The Political Origins of Anti-Jewish Violence”
Managing Director for International Policy and Programs at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Member of the Center for Strategic and International Studies’ Executive Council on Development and the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Poverty & Sustainable Development. Former Director of Global Development Policy, Advocacy, & Special Initiatives at the Foundation. Senior Advisor for Policy and Strategic Communications in the Office of the Secretary General of the United Nations from 2005 to 2007. Former correspondent for the Financial Times in Johannesburg, London, and Washington, D.C.
Lecture: “Development, Africa, and Millennium Development Goals: Why the World is Getting Better Faster than You Think and How We Can Accelerate Progress”
Former United States Ambassador to Afghanistan (2011 – 2012), Iraq (2007 – 2009), Pakistan (2004 – 2007), Syria (1998 – 2001), Kuwait (1994 – 1997) and Lebanon (1990 – 1993). Appointed Dean of Texas A&M University’s George Bush School of Government and Public Service. Named an Honorary Marine by the United States Marine Corps. Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President George W. Bush in 2009. Recipient of the Presidential Distinguished Service Award, the Secretary of States’ Distinguished Service Award, and the State Department Distinguished Honor Award, among others.
Lecture: “Lessons from a Long War: The U.S. and the Broader Middle East”
Former Deputy Director of the Office of Policy Planning, United States Department of State, Principal Assistant Secretary of State for Verification and Compliance, Deputy Assistant Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, and Principal Deputy Director of the Department of Defense On-Site Inspection Agency. Recipient of the Secretary of Defense Medal for Meritorious Service and the Department of State Superior Honor Award.
Discussion: Foreign policy of the United States of America
Professor and Chair of Political Science and Security Studies, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Spain. Senior Analyst on International Terrorism at Real Instituto Elcano, a Spanish think tank. Member of the Council on Global Terrorism, Washington, D.C. Former Senior Adviser on Antiterrorist Policy to the Spanish Interior Minister. Contributing editor of Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, editorial board member of Terrorism and Political Violence, Democracy and Security, Cultures et Conflits and Sécurité Globale.
Discussion: Current terrorist threats to Europe and the United States
Paula J. Dobriansky
Holds the Distinguished National Security Chair at the United States Naval Academy, and is an adjunct senior fellow at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government. From 2001 to 2009, served as Under Secretary of State for Democracy and Global Affairs. Appointed special envoy to Northern Ireland by President George W. Bush in 2007. Former member of the U.S. Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy, by presidential appointment, and Director of European and Soviet Affairs at the National Security Council. Recipient of the Secretary of State’s Distinguished Service Medal.
Lecture: “From Globaloney to Global Issues: A New Agenda for the 21st Century”
Chairman of the Gerson International Law Group, a Washington, D.C., based firm specializing in public international law and its interplay with complex litigation and political support. Gerson brought the first suit against Libya on behalf of the families of the victims of Pan Am flight 104, and helped pass the 1996 law making it possible for citizens to hold foreign governments accountable for acts of terrorism. Gerson co-authored The Price of Terror (2001) with Newsweek Senior Editor Jerry Adler. Other works include Israel, The West Bank and International Law (1978), The Kirkpatrick Mission: Diplomacy Without Apology (1991) and Privatizing Peace: From Conflict to Security (2002).
Lecture: “Privatizing Justice: Representing the Victims of Terrorism and Human Rights Abuses”