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TRIP Publications

IR Scholars & Iraq

In this working paper, the authors seek to understand the role of academics in shaping U.S. foreign policy, using the U.S. War in Iraq as a salient case. They explore how academics’ views differed from public opinion and assess the extent to which scholarly opinion was reflected in the public debate.
Read the working paper.



International Organization

September 2013

Cambridge IO JournalRead the latest TRIP scholarship published by TRIP Principal Investigators Daniel Maliniak and Ryan Powers with colleague Barbara Walter, featured  as the lead article in International Organization,  a top IR journal in the discipline. This article, "The Gender Citation Gap in International Relations,"  investigates the extent to which citation and publication patterns differ between men and women in the international relations (IR) literature. Using data from the Teaching, Research, and International Policy (TRIP)  project on peer-reviewed publications between 1980 and 2006, they show that women are systematically cited less than men after controlling for a large number of variables including year of publication, venue of publication, substantive focus, theoretical perspective, methodology, tenure status and institutional affiliation.  

Read the full article (pdf)

International Studies Perspectives

August 2013

International Studies Quarterly

In "What Pivot? International Relations Scholarship and the Study of East Asia" Lindsay Hundley, Benjamin Kenzer and Susan Peterson explore the belief that IR scholarship is policy-relevant and that a gap exists between the academic and policy worlds of IR, as related to research on East Asia, using data from the 2011 Teaching, Research, and International Policy (TRIP) survey and the TRIP journal article database.

Read the full article (pdf)

Journal of International Relations in Turkey

August 2013

Turkey Journal of International RelationsIR Scholars Dr. Mustafa Aydin and Mr. Korhan Yazgan present the results of the Teaching, Research and International Policy Survey (TRIP) - 2011 in the Journal of International Relations in Turkey  [VOLUME 9, ISSUE 36, WINTER 2013].

 This report of the survey, conducted in conjunction with the Institute for the Theory & Practice of International Relations at the College of William & Mary in the United States, shows the results  aimed at providing a global and comparative scale of Turkey in international relations.  The principal investigators: Mustafa Aydin, Professor. Dr., International Relations Department, İİSBF, Kadir Has University, Istanbul, and Mr.Korhan Yazgan, Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Political Science, University of Exeter, England. The authors thank all the faculty members who responded to the survey.  

Read the full article (pdf)


In-And-Outers and Moonlighters: An Evaluation of the Impact of Policy-making Exposure on IR Scholarship

August 2013

International Studies Quarterly

International Studies Perspectives recently published this study in which Brad Parks and Alena Stern use a difference-in-differences estimation strategy to evaluate whether and to what extent direct exposure to the policy-making process influences how International Relations scholars select publication outlets. ISP is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the International Studies Association.

Read the full article (pdf)

 

Australian Journal of International Affairs Analyzes Recent TRIP Cross-National Survey
July 2013

Australia Journal International Relations

Lee Morgenbesser analyzes the results of the most recent and largest cross-national survey on the international relations discipline. Completed by scholars in 20 countries, the survey covers the areas of  teaching, research, foreign policy, the profession and the relationship between policy and academia. From an Australian perspective, the key findings include the strong link between what academics teach and research; the narrowing epistemological gap between the U.S. and Australia; the curious pessimism of scholars on a wide range of foreign policy issues; and the ability of scholars to define research quality independently of other national settings. The most significant and alarming finding, however, concerns how the present structure of the field is undermining scholars’ attempts to forge closer, more influential ties with policymakers in Canberra. In fact, it is clear from the results that wha tacademics research and how they go about it is actually counterintuitive to this goal. The article concludes with three recommendations aimed at rectifying this problem.

Read the full article online

French Journal of Political Science Examines TRIP

June 2013

Anne MuxelIn the second edition of the 2013 French Journal of Political Science, this article provides an overview of  French International Relations (IR) from the responses obtained in the fourth TRIP survey, in which 3,466  internationalists from 20 different countries —   among them 101 French — participated in September 2011. The picture that emerges from this study brings a number of things into perspective:  the role of IR in the French university, the possible existence of IR to the French, French internationalist positioning relative to current trends in global IR, practitioners' attitudes toward international relations and the issue of the French language. 

Full English translation (pdf)         Full article in Frenchrticle in French (pdf)            

    

Politics and Paradigm Preferences

September 2012

International Studies Quarterly

Do international relations scholars view politial events through their own political lens?  Can they observe objectively or are they affected by their political orientation? Brian Rathburn of the Unversity of Southern California explores the topic in "Politics and Paradigm Preferences: The Implicit Ideology of International Relations Scholars," published in the International Studies Quarterly (2012). Read the full article. (pdf)

 

 

TRIP in the Journal of Irish Political Studies

June 2012

Irish Political Studies CoverIn the most comprehensive survey of its kind in Ireland, this article analyses the growing field of international relations and international politics, examining what scholars working in universities in the Republic of Ireland think about international politics and what they are teaching the current generation of students. The article also provides for inter- national comparisons with 10 other countries as the survey is part of a larger cross-national survey, led by academics at the college of William and Mary in Virginia, USA on teaching, research and international policy. Read the full article (pdf)



TRIP Around the World

May 2012

Trip Around the World CoverHow do IR scholars’ views about teaching, research, the discipline, and contemporary policy issues vary across the globe? This report provides descriptive statistics on the responses of IR scholars from 20 countries. This is the 4th such survey that TRIP researchers have conducted since 2004 and the first to break the language barrier, including Spanish, French, Portuguese, and Turkish speaking scholars in the survey. The TRIP survey is one part of a broader effort to explore trends in the academic study of IR and to assess the relationship between IR scholars and practitioners. Previous TRIP survey Reports from 2004, 2006, and 2008 can be found on the TRIP Publications Page

Survey Results for 2011 TRIP Scholar Survey (pdf)


Foreign Policy: Inside the Ivory Tower 2012

January 2012

Foreign Policy CoverIn January 2012 TRIP researchers published an article in Foreign Policy Magazine that highlighted survey results from IR scholars in U.S. universities and IR policy makers who worked in the U.S. government. The results highlight the views of both scholars and policy makers on a range of contemporary foreign policy issues.

The FP Survey: The Ivory Tower (pdf)


International Relations in the U.S. Academy

June 2011

International Studies Quarterly CoverTRIP researchers recently published an article in the June 2011 issue of International Studies Quarterly that addresses a number of questions about the nature and trajectory of the IR field within the United States.

Using two new data sources to describe trends in the international relations (IR) discipline since 1980-a database of every article published in the 12 leading journals in the field and three surveys of IR faculty at US colleges and universities-we explore the extent of theoretical, methodological, and epistemological diversity in the American study of IR and the relationship between IR scholarship and the policy-making community in the United States.

We find, first, that there is considerable and increasing theoretical diversity. Although US scholars believe and teach their students that the major paradigms-realism, liberalism, Marxism, and constructivism-define and divide the discipline, most peer-reviewed research does not advance a theoretical argument from one of these theoretical traditions. There is no evidence, moreover, that realism and its focus on power relations among states dominate, or since 1980 ever has dominated, the literature. Second, although three times as many IR scholars report using qualitative methods as their primary approach, more articles published in the top journals currently employ quantitative tools than any other methodological approach. Third, there exists little epistemological diversity in the field: American IR scholars share a strong and growing commitment to positivism. Finally, there is a disjuncture between what American scholars of IR think about the value of producing policy-relevant work and the actual research they generate: few articles in top journals offer explicit policy advice, but scholars believe that their work is both prescriptive and useful to policymakers. Download (pdf)


One Discipline or Many? 2008 TRIP Survey of International Relations Faculty in Ten Countries

By Richard Jordan, Daniel Maliniak, Amy Oakes, Susan Peterson, and Michael Tierney

One Discipline or Many? CoverTo what extent is there national variation in how scholars teach IR, think about the discipline, view their role in the policy process, and approach critical contemporary foreign policy debates? Conversely, to what extent is there a single-perhaps American-driven-IR discipline? To begin to answer these questions, the Teaching, Research, and International Policy (TRIP) project has conducted the first cross-national survey of IR faculty in ten countries: Australia, Canada, Ireland, Israel, Hong Kong, New Zealand, Singapore, South Africa, United Kingdom, and the United States. This report provides descriptive statistics and top line results for all 90 questions asked on the 2008 survey. Download (pdf) | Daniel Drezner's Blog | Duck of Minerva Blog | Think Progress

 

Foreign Policy: Inside the Ivory Tower 2009

By Daniel Maliniak, Amy Oakes, Susan Peterson, and Michael Tierney

Inside the Ivory Tower CoverTo what extent is there national variation in how scholars teach IR, think about the discipline,view their role in the policy process, and approach critical contemporary foreign policy debates? Conversely, to what extent is there a single-perhaps American-driven-IR discipline? To begin to answer these questions, the Teaching, Research, and International Policy (TRIP) project has conducted the first cross-national survey of IR faculty in ten countries: Australia, Canada, Ireland, Israel, Hong Kong, New Zealand, Singapore, South Africa, United Kingdom, and the United States. This report provides descriptive statistics and top line results for all 90 questions asked on the 2008 survey. Read More



The American School of IPE

By Daniel Maliniak and Michael J. Tierney

American School of IPE CoverThis paper uses the results of the Teaching, Research, and International Policy (TRIP) project: a multi-year study of the international relations (IR) field in order to discern the major characteristics of international political economy scholarship in the United States today. It finds that, like Benjamin Cohen's depiction of the American school, IPE in the United States is increasingly positivist, quantitative, and liberal in orientation. It employs data from a journal article database that tracks trends in publication patterns. It also analyzes data from two surveys of IR scholars in the US and Canada that were conducted in the fall of 2006. 

Download (pdf)

 

Women in International Relations

By Daniel Maliniak, Amy Oakes, Susan Peterson, and Michael J. Tierney

Women in International Relations CoverWomen now receive political science degrees in record numbers, but female representation among political science faculty still lags behind that of many other disciplines. Women may be underrepresented in the profession and trail their male colleagues because they see the world differently; they may see the world differently because of their minority status within the discipline; or the causal arrow may run in both directions. Many feminist scholars contend that gender subordination explains significant differences in worldview between men and women. Other scholars suggest that female political scientists adopt methods and choose topics that are not considered to be the best or most rigorous types of research by the editors of leading journals in order to differentiate themselves. This article examines the role that female scholars play in the discipline of international relations, using the 2006 TRIP survey to follow trends unique to female academics in the United States. Download (pdf)


Divided Discipline? Comparing Views of US and Canadian IR Scholars

By Michael Lipson, Daniel Maliniak, Amy Oakes, Susan Peterson, and Michael J. Tierney

Canadian and American FlagsHow does international relations teaching and scholarship differ across countries? This article reports results from the TRIP survey of international relations faculty at US and Canadian universities conducted in 2006. The article compares trends in the content and methods of college instructors at four year universities as well as their individual research and outlook on foreign policy. Some interesting differences emerge in this portrait of two IR communities. Canadian IR, for instance, appears to be both more internationally born and educated than US IR, as well as more politically liberal, while US professors devote more time to traditional paradigmatic debates. Course content, however, remains remarkably similar. Learn more about the way teaching and research differs between the US and Canada in this groundbreaking international study. Download (pdf)


All TRIP Publications (links are in pdf format)

"The FP Survey: The Ivory Tower." Paul Avey, Michael Desch, James D. Long, Daniel Maliniak, Susan Peterson, and Michael J. Tierney, Foreign Policy, January-February 2012. Pp 90-94.

"Full Report: 2008/2009 Survey on Teaching, Research, and Policy." Richard Jordan, Daniel Maliniak, Amy Oakes, Susan Peterson, and Michael Tierney. Institute for the Theory and Practice of International Relations at The College of William and Mary, 2009.

"The American School of IPE." Daniel Maliniak and Michael J. Tierney. Review of International Political Economy, February 2009.

"Women in International Relations." Daniel Maliniak, Amy Oakes, Susan Peterson, and Michael J. Tierney.Politics and Gender 4(1), 2008.

"Divided Discipline? Comparing Views of US and Canadian IR Scholars." Michael Lipson, Daniel Maliniak, Amy Oakes, Susan Peterson, and Michael J. Tierney. International Journal 62(2), 2007.

"The International Relations Discipline, 1980-2006." Daniel Maliniak, Amy Oakes, Susan Peterson, and Michael J. Tierney. Presented at the American Political Science Association annual meeting in Chicago, September 2007.

"Inside the Ivory Tower II." Daniel Maliniak, Amy Oakes, Susan Peterson, and Michael J. Tierney. Foreign Policy March/April 2007.

Full Report: 2006/2007 Survey on Teaching, Research, and PolicyDaniel Maliniak, Amy Oakes, Susan Peterson, and Michael J. Tierney. Program on the Theory and Practice of International Relations, 2007.

"Inside the Ivory Tower." Susan Peterson, Michael J. Tierney, and Daniel Maliniak. Foreign Policy, 2005.

Full Report: 2004/2005 Survey on Teaching, Research, and Policy. Susan Peterson and Michael J. Tierney with Daniel Maliniak. The College of William and Mary, 2005.

"Teaching and Research in International Politics: Surveying Trends in Faculty Opinion and Publishing." James D. Long, Daniel Maliniak, Susan Peterson, and Michael J. Tierney. Prepared for the International Studies Association annual meeting in Honolulu, March 2005.