Health Course

Testicular Cancer

According to the Mayo Clinic, "testicular cancer is the most common form of cancer in American men between the ages of 15 and 34.”

If found early, testicular cancer can be treated and the individual has a significant chance of being cured.

The most common sign of testicular cancer is a painless, hard lump in the testicle. Other signs include pain in the scrotum, swollen scrotum or enlarged testicle, tenderness in the chest/breast area, or aching in the abdomen or groin area.

Regular exams with your healthcare provider and regular self-exams provide the best chance of early diagnosis and treatment.

How to do a Testicular Self-Exam

The best time to conduct your monthly testicular self-exam is during or right after a shower or bath. The warm water causes your skin to relax, which makes it easier to conduct the exam.

Step 1:  Check for any swelling on the scrotum’s skin

Step 2: Cup the scrotum in the palm of your hand. Roll your testicle between your thumb and fingers and feel for any hard, painless lumps

Step 3: Examine your epididymus for any lumps. This is the crescent or comma-shaped tube located behind the testicle.

Make sure you follow these steps for both testicles. If you discover any lumps, bumps or anything else abnormal during the self-exam, contact your healthcare provider immediately.

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