Directory Page Title

Michael Deschenes

Professor and Chair

Office : Adair Hall 404A
Phone : 757-221-2778
Email : [[mrdesc]]

Areas of Specialization

Physiology

Education
  • Ph.D. University of Connecticut, 1992
  • M.A. University of Connecticut, 1983
  • B.S. University of Maine, 1980
Courses Taught
  • Introduction to the Human Body (KINE 200)
  • Human Physiology (KINE 304)
  • Statistics and Evaluation (KINE 394)
  • Cellular Basis of Muscular Physiology (KINE 485)
  • Independent Study (KINE 470,471)
  • Kinesiology & Health Sciences Research (KINE 480,481)
Research
Papers
  • Deschenes, M.R., Hurst, T.E., Ramser, A.E., and Sherman, E.G. Pre- to Post-synaptic Relationships of the Neuromuscular Junction are Held Constant Across Age and Muscle Fiber Type. Developmental Neurobiology, 73: 744-753, 2013.
  • Deschenes, M.R., J.L. Taylor, and K.A. Mangis. Aging Obscures Sex-specific Physiological Responses to Exercise. American Journal of Human Biology, 25: 215-221, 2013.
  • Deschenes, M.R., E.G. Sherman, and E.K. Glass. The Effects of Pre-habilitative Conditioning on Unloading-induced Adaptations in Young and Aged Neuromuscular Systems. Experimental Gerontology, 47: 687-694, 2012.
  • Deschenes, M.R., R.W. McCoy, and K.A. Mangis. Factors Relating to Gender Specificity of Unloading-induced Declines in Strength. Muscle & Nerve, 46: 210-217, 2012.
  • Deschenes, M.R., M.A. Roby, and E.M. Glass. Aging Influences Adaptations of the Neuromuscular Junction to Endurance Training. Neuroscience 190: 56-66, 2011.
  • Deschenes, M.R. Invited Review: Motor Unit and Neuromuscular Junction Remodeling with Aging. Current Aging Science, 4: 209-220, 2011.
  • Garber, C.E., Blissmer, B., Deschenes, M.R., LaMonte, M.J., Lee, I.M., Nieman, D.C., Swain, D.P., and Franklin, B.A. American College of Sports Medicine Position Stand: The Quantity and Quality of Exercise for Developing and Maintaining Cardiorespiratory, Musculoskeletal, and Neuromotor Fitness in Apparently Healthy Adults: Guidance for Health and Fitness Professionals on Prescribing Exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 43: 1334-1359, 2011.
  • Deschenes, M.R., M.A. Roby, M.K. Eason, and M.B. Harris. Remodeling of the Neuromuscular Junction Precedes Sarcopenia Related Alterations in Myofibers. Experimental Gerontology 43: 389-393, 2010.
  • Deschenes M.R., Connell A.M., Jackson E.M., Taylor J.L., Glass E.K. A comparison of physiological variables in aged and young women during and following submaximal exercise. American Journal of Human Biology  21(6):836-43, 2009.
  • Deschenes M.R., McCoy R.W., Holdren A.N., Eason M.K. Gender influences neuromuscular adaptations to muscle unloading. European Journal of Applied Physiology 105(6):889-97, 2009.
  • Deschenes M.R., McCoy R.W., Davis J.M., McGinn M.C., Eason M.K. The efficacy of prehabilitative conditioning: ameliorating unloading-induced declines in the muscle function of humans. Amercan Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 88(2):136-44, 2009.
  • Deschenes, M.R., A.N. Holdren, and R.W. McCoy. Adaptations to Short-term Muscle Unloading in Young and Aged Men. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 40(5):856-63, 2008.
  • Deschenes, M.R., K.A. Tenny, M.K. Eason, and S.E. Gordon. Moderate Aging Does Not Modulate Morphological Responsiveness of the Neuromuscular System to Chronic Overload in Fischer 344 Rats. Neuroscience 148: 970-977, 2007.
  • Deschenes, M.R. Perspectives - When size really does matter. Journal of Physiology 579: 567, 2007.
  • Deschenes, M.R., M.N. Hillard, J.A. Wilson, M.I. Dubina, and M.K. Eason. The Effects of Gender on Physiological Responses During Submaximal Exercise and Recovery. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 38: 1304-1310, 2006.
  • Deschenes, M.R., J.A. Carter, E.N. Matney, M.B. Potter, and M.H. Wilson. Effects of Aging are More Apparent Following, than During Submaximal Exercise. Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences 61: 63-71, 2006.
  • Deschenes, M.R., K.A. Tenny, and M.H. Wilson. Increased and Decreased Activity Elicit Specific Morphological Adaptations of the Neuromuscular Junction. Neuroscience 137: 1277-1283, 2006.
  • Wilson, M.H., and M.R. Deschenes. The Neuromuscular Junction: Anatomical Features and Adaptations to Various Forms of Increased, or Decreased Neuromuscular Activity. International Journal of Neuroscience 115: 803-828, 2005.
  • Deschenes, M.R., M.H. Wilson, and W.J. Kraemer. Neuromuscular Adaptations to Spaceflight are Specific to Postural Muscles. Muscle & Nerve 31: 468-474, 2005.
  • Deschenes, M.R. Invited Review: Effects of aging on muscle fiber type and size. Sports Medicine 34: 809-824, 2004.
  • Deschenes, M.R., and M.H. Wilson. Age-related differences in synaptic plasticity following muscle unloading. Journal of Neurobiology 57: 246-256, 2003.
  • Deschenes, M.R., K.M. Will, F.W. Booth, and S.E. Gordon. Unlike myofibers, neuromuscular junctions remain stable during prolonged muscle unloading. Journal of the Neurological Sciences 210: 5-10, 2003.
  • Deschenes, M.R., and W.J. Kraemer. Performance and physiological adaptations to resistance training. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 81 (Suppl): S3-S16, 2002.
  • Deschenes, M.R., L.L. Bronson, M.P. Cadorette, J.E. Powers, and J.C. Weinlein. Aged men display blunted biorhythmic variation of muscle performance and physiological responses. Journal of Applied Physiology 92: 2319-2325, 2002.
  • Deschenes, M.R., J.A. Giles, R.W. McCoy, A.L. Gomez, J.S. Volek, and W.J. Kraemer. Neural factors account for strength decrements observed following short-term muscle unloading. American Journal of Physiology (Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology) 282: R578-R583, 2002.
  • McGuigan, M.R.M., W.J. Kraemer, M.R. Deschenes, S.E. Gordon, T. Kitaura, T.P. Scheet, M.J. Sharman, and R.S. Staron. Statistical analysis of fiber area in human skeletal muscle. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology 27: 415-422, 2002.
  • Deschenes, M.R., A.A. Britt, R.R. Gomes, F.W. Booth, and S.E. Gordon. Recovery of neuromuscular junction morphology following 16 days of spaceflight. Synapse 42: 177-184, 2001.
  • Deschenes, M.R., A.A. Britt, and W.C. Chandler. A comparison of the effects of unloading in young adult and aged skeletal muscle. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 33: 1477-1483, 2001.
  • Deschenes, M.R., W.J. Kraemer, R.W. McCoy, J.S. Volek, B.M. Turner, and J.C. Weinlein. Muscle recruitment patterns regulate physiological responses during exercise of the same intensity. American Journal of Physiology (Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology) 279: R2229-R2236, 2000.
  • Deschenes, M.R., D.A. Judelson, W.J. Kraemer, V.J. Meskaitis, J.S. Volek, B.C. Nindl, F.S. Harman, and D.R. Deaver. The effects of resistance training on neuromuscular junction morphology. Muscle and Nerve, 23: 1576-1581, 2000.
  • Deschenes, M.R., R.E. Brewer, R.W. McCoy, J.A. Bush, J.S. Volek, and W.J. Kraemer. Neuromuscular disturbance outlasts other symptoms of exercise-induced muscle damage. Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 174: 92-99, 2000.
Books and Chapters
  • Garber, C.E., and Deschenes, M.R. General Principles of Exercise Prescription. In: ACSM’s Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription, 9th edition. Ed., Linda Pescatello. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; Baltimore, MD, 2013.
  • Kraemer, W.J., S.J. Fleck, and M.R. Deschenes. Exercise Physiology: Integrated from Theory to Practical Application. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins: Baltimore, MD, 2011.
  • Deschenes, M.R. Exercise Physiology. In: ACSM's Certification Review, 3rd edition. Eds., Khalid Bibi and Mike Niederpruem. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; Baltimore, MD, pp. 31 - 46, 2009.
  • Garber, C.E., and Deschenes, M.R. Exercise Prescription. In: ACSM's Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription, 8th edition. Ed., WalterR. Thompson. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; Baltimore, MD, pp. 152-180, 2009.
  • Deschenes, M.R. Exercise Physiology. In: ACSM’s Certification Review, 2nd edition. Eds., Jeffrey Roitman and Khalid Bibi. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; Philadelphia, PA, pp. 33-47, 2006.
  • Deschenes, M.R., and K. Dohi. Basic Principles and Mechanisms of Endocrinology. In: The Encyclopedia of Sports Medicine – The Endocrine System in Sport and Exercise. Eds., William J. Kraemer and Alan D. Rogol. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.; Oxford, England, pp. 8-23, 2005.
  • Deschenes M.R. Entries on “Capillaries”, “Cell structure modifications with exercise and training”, “Cellular function”, “Exercise and training response of cellular structures”, “Mitochondria”, “Muscle fiber types”, and “Myofibrillar density”. In: Encyclopedia of International Sports Studies. Eds. Roger Bartlett, Chris Gratton, and Christer Rolf. Taylor and Francis; London, England, 2005.
Fellowships and Grants
  • National Institues of Health, 9R15 AR060637
    Period of Support: July 1, 2010 through June 30,2013. Amount $194,000
  • National Institutes of Health, 2R15 AG17440-02A1
    Period of Support: August 1, 2005 through July 31, 2008. Amount: $204,000
  • Jeffress Memorial Trust Grant
    Period of Support: 2003 – 2005. Amount: $50,000
  • National Institutes of Health, R15 AG17440-01 .
    Period of Support: April 1, 2001 through March 31, 2004. Amount: $128,000
  • Jeffress Memorial Trust Grant
    Period of Support: 2000 – 2002. Amount: $44,150
  • Fellow, American College of Sports Medicine
Service
  • Member, Expert Panel on the Human Use of Inertially-loaded Exercise Equipment in Space, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), 2012
  • Chair, Musculoskeletal Biology Peer Review Panel for Grant Proposals, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), 2011.
  • Member of the Faculty Assembly, College of William and Mary, 2010-present
  • Health and Performance in Space Exploration Missions, Skeletal Muscle and Cardiovascular Physiology Peer Review Panel for Grant Proposals, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), 2009. 
  • International Opponent for Defense of Doctoral Dissertation of Milan Sedliak. Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland, 2009. 
  • Bone and Muscle Biology, Member and Rapporteur, Peer Review Panel for Grant Proposals, European Space Agency, Brussels, Belgium. December 3rd and 4th, 2009.
  • Research and Technology Development to Support Crew Health and Performance in Space Exploration Missions, Peer Review Panel for Grant Proposals, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), 2008.
  • Human Health in Space, Physical Fitness Peer Review Panel for Grant Proposals, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), 2007.
  • Member, grant review panel for European Commission’s 7th Framework Programme for Research, Topic: “Age related muscle weakness”, 2007.
  • Chair, Protection of Human Subjects Committee (IRB), College of William & Mary, 2004-2010.
  • Associate Editor, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 2005-present.
Honors, Prizes and Awards
  • Plumeri Award for Faculty Excellence, College of William & Mary, 2012
  • Outstanding Kinesiology Professional Award, University of Connecticut Neag School of Education Alumni Society, 2003.
  • Outstanding Alumni Researcher Award, Neag School of Education, University of Connecticut, 2002.