Independent study can be a valuable intellectual experience for students who are exploring the possibility of honors, or who have a particular subject they wish to pursue in depth, or when a class is not offered on the same material. Independent study entails what is typically a semester-long investigation of a specific historical topic or problem, and a tutorial arrangement between a professor and a student. The student is responsible for developing the subject and the reading list, albeit with faculty assistance. Independent study involves substantial reading and must result in some major written work, typically 15-20 pages, by the end of the semester. Students must receive permission from a faculty member and have a GPA of 3.0 to register for independent study (Hist 467 or Hist 468).