Data Sources

When writing papers that involve quantitative analysis, a challenging part of the project is finding the data to test your research question. Below is a list of websites you may wish to visit in your search for appropriate data. Many of these websites contain freely downloadable data, while others may require fees for accessing data. A few may be accessible only from the W&M domain.

Sources are divided into general data, followed by macrodata, and microdata. Microdata typically consist of information on individuals or firms, while macrodata are usually aggregated at some level, such as the nation or the world. National data are available for the U.S. and many other nations. It is a good idea to check with your instructor before proceeding with the actual data analysis on your specific project.



Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR) from University of Michigan
Statistical Resources on the Web from the University of Michigan, statistics from over 70 U.S. Federal Agencies
American Statistical Association
Statistical Agencies from EDIRC
Statistical Agencies around the World from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics



A. U.S. Macrodata
The current Economic Report of the President from the President's Council of Economic Advisers.
Statistical Abstract of the United States from the U.S. Bureau of the Census
National Income and Product Accounts from the Bureau of Economic Analysis
Employment, Prices, Consumer Expenditures, Compensation, and Productivity from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Federal Budget and Economic Projections from the Congressional Budget Office
FRED, an economics time series database, from the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Current and Historical Data from the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve
Business Cycle Dates from the National Bureau of Economic Research
Macrohistory Database from the National Bureau of Economic Research
United States Historical Census Data Browser at the University of Virginia
Current and Historical Energy Statistics from the U.S. Department of Energy
EDGAR database on filings from the Securities and Exchange Commission
Economic and Financial Time Series from
Economic and Financial Time Series from

B. World Macrodata
Open Education Database (OEDb)
Statistics Division at the United Nations
World Development Indicators from the World Bank
Penn World Tables from University of Pennsylvania
Foreign Trade Statistics from the U.S. Census Bureau
Global Business Cycle Indicators from the Conference Board
World Fact Book from the Central Intelligence Agency



A. U.S. Microdata, Cross-Sectional
Integrated Public Use Microdata Series  (U.S. Decennial Census data from 1850-2000; American Community Survey Data from 2001 to 2006; Current Population Survey Data from 1962 to 2006), from University of Minnesota

Current Population Survey (CPS) from U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) from U.S. Bureau of the Census

Survey of Consumer Finances  from the Federal Reserve Board of Governors

Data Ferret is a tool to extract datasets from federal agencies such as the U.S. Census Bureau, the National Center for Health Statistics, Department of the Interior, and the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Datasets available through the data ferret include the American Community Survey, American Housing Survey, Behavioral Risk-Factor Surveillance System, Consumer Expenditure Survey, Current Population Survey, County Business Patterns, Decennial Census of Population and Housing, National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, Mortality-Underlying Cause-of-Death, and National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation.
General Social Survey  from NORC at the University of Chicago

Scientists and Engineers Statistical Data System (SESTAT) from the National Science Foundation

B. U.S. Microdata, Panel
National Longitudinal Surveys  (Youth-97 , Youth-79 , and others) from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) from Institute of Social Research at University of Michigan

Health and Retirement Survey (HRS) from Institute of Social Research at University of Michigan


C. World Microdata
Bangladesh: Matlab Health and Socio-Economic Survey  from RAND  

Developing Countries: Living Standards Measurement Study from the World Bank

Developing Countries: Demographic and Health Surveys

Europe and North America: Generations and Gender Program from the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNCE)

Germany: Socio-Economic Panel from the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW)

Indonesia: Indonesia Family Life Survey from RAND

Malaysia: Malaysian Family Life Survey  from RAND

Russia: Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey from the Carolina Population Center

UK: British Household Panel Survey from the Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER), University of Essex

World: Luxembourg Income Study

World: World Fertility Surveys at The Office of Population Research , Princeton University