Josh Blum, Designing with Gendered Space: Incorporating Gender into the Scenic Design of Clybourne Park
This April, William and Mary Theatre will present a production of Clybourne Park. The play takes place in a single house across fifty years, and the relationships of the people to the house serve as vehicles for various social concerns, past and present. Race is the dominant concern throughout the play, but concerns over gender roles also play throughout the show and are a part of how the characters relate to the house. Because of how interwoven gender is with the space of the play, examining how spaces become gendered creates interesting possibilities for the design of the show. This thesis seeks to explore how concepts of gendered space can inform scenic design choices in William and Mary Theatre's upcoming production of Clybourne Park.
James Janopaul-Naylor, Combinatorially Derived Properties of Tableaux
Properties of partitions have implications in many fields of mathematics from Probability Theory to Dynamical Systems and Representation Theory. My work elucidates the conditions for which two partitions can overlap in a semi-standard Young Tableau and how a partition of weights can fill sequences of Young diagrams. My results will incorporate the Kostka Number of these two partitions, which specifies how many distinct Tableaux can be generated. I will show under what circumstances the Kostka Number is one. Future work will consider properties of individual partitions or sequences of partitions that only have one possible weight with Kostka Number of one.
Catherine King, Mathematically Modeling Zooplankton Communities in the Chesapeake Bay
Modeling zooplankton dynamics accurately is increasingly important because zooplankton can have a critical impact on several environmental issues ranging from eutrophication to climate change. An analysis of a previously published linear zooplankton model was compared with a new non-linear model predicting zooplankton and phytoplankton abundances in the Chesapeake Bay. Through simulations, the non-linear model was found to be a better match to the available data and a strongly contracting system even under certain amounts of stochastic influences. While the linear approach when modeling marine species is the natural first step, a non-linear approach, which is based more on mathematical and ecological theories rather than relying on curve-fitting, allows for more complicated and realistic dynamics in addition to better predictions for the Chesapeake Bay.
Kathrynlynn Jenkins, Functional Role of a Common Epifaunal Grazer on Eelgrass Communities: A Comparative Study between Native and Invasive Ranges
Ampithoe valida is a tube-building herbivorous amphipod that is classified as an invasive species in San Francisco Bay. It is native to the U.S. Atlantic Coast and is commonly found in Chesapeake Bay, where it consumes epiphytic algae growing on seagrass as well as common macroalgae. This herbivore benefits seagrass by consuming algae that competes with seagrasses for valuable resources. Recent studies have found that A. valida consumes large quantities of the native seagrass in San Francisco Bay; however, there is little evidence suggesting that A. valida consumes seagrass in its native range. My research aims to identify differences in feeding patterns of A. valida in its native and invasive range and specifically to determine the effects of competition on food choice. Understanding the variable impacts of this invertebrate will produce useful information on management approaches to ensure the continued survival and resilience of seagrass meadows in San Francisco Bay.
Erin Spencer, Association between Invasive Lionfish and Native Fish Species in the Western Atlantic and Caribbean
Lionfish (genus Pterois) are a carnivorous, venomous fish native to the Indo-Pacific that are now invasive in the Western Atlantic, Caribbean, and Gulf of Mexico. The rapid infiltration of lionfish into native reef ecosystems have caused the invasion to be recognized as one of the world’s top conservation issues. Although scientists know lionfish are voracious predators (consuming 1-2 prey species every hour), there is still much to learn about impacts on specific reef fish and whether those impacts are caused through predation, habitat infringement, or otherwise. I want to create a more holistic picture about lionfish impacts on native fish species. Since 1990, the Reef Environmental Education Foundation (REEF) has employed widespread fish count program that educates divers about fish identification and collects citizen data in an extensive database. I am utilizing this data to illustrate the change in lionfish populations in their invasive range in comparison to populations of a number of other reef fish species to determine if there is a correlation between increasing lionfish populations and varying native reef fish populations.
Enrique Bello, Unravelling the Consumer Brain: The Role of Emotion in Purchase Behavior
When we're at the grocery store, what exactly goes through our heads when we decide to reach out and pick a certain product off the shelf? This thesis will examine how emotion interacts with brand type and price to influence purchase behavior. Evidence shows that contemplating a purchase largely depends on implicit, psychological factors, such as emotion. Thus, it is possible that the manipulation of this factor may be effective in influencing a consumers' decision. For example, if the balance is tipped towards positive emotion, the consumer may be more likely to buy the product. To test this idea, an affective priming technique is used to elicit positive or negative emotions in the consumer before they make their purchase decision. During the task, the consumer's EEG is recorded. Using brain potentials derived from the EEG, it is possible to examine the neural underpinnings of purchase behavior and how emotion alters the neural temporal dynamics of decision making. By providing a better neural understanding of how emotion interrelates with brand type and price to influence a consumers’ purchase decision, this study could be a helpful contribution to both consumer neuroscience and marketing research.
Blina Kruja, Differential Effects of Fat Labeling on Consumption
In attempting to assess the healthfulness of foods adults generally rely on simple heuristics such as packages’ labels or health claims. The goal of the current study was to determine whether fat labeling and weight salience would differentially affect taste ratings and food intake in chronic dieters (restrained eaters) and unrestrained eaters. In a 2 (Low fat vs. High fat) by 2 (Weight Salient vs. Weight Non- Salient) by 2 (Restrained vs. Unrestrained) mixed factorial design, 155 females were invited to taste and rate a chocolate milk beverage. The results indicate that drink label influenced only smell ratings, suggesting that the full fat labeled beverage was perceived as better smelling compared to the low fat one. However, with regard to consumption restrained eaters drank more of the beverage when it was labeled low fat. Similarly, when weighed before participants consumed marginally more of the low fat labeled drink.
Sarah Gilliand, Population Modeling of Diamondback Terrapins
Diamondback terrapins, the only North American turtles to live exclusively in brackish water, are found along the coast of the United States from Massachusetts to Texas. Many of the states in this range list the terrapins as endangered, threatened or, as they are designated in Virginia, a species of concern. Two of the major threats faced by these reptiles are drowning as by-catch in crab pots and being run over by cars. I will discuss a nonlinear, discrete time model to explore the effects of such influences on terrapin populations, and make an argument for the use of bycatch reduction devices in areas of existing crab potting.
Emily Rose Bainwol, Mathematical Analysis of ALS Biochemistry
The purpose of this research is to evaluate the effects of organelle dysfunction on degeneration of an oligodendrocyte affected by ALS. This is done through mathematical modeling. While the main focus is organelle dysfunction - specifically of the golgi, mitochondria, and endoplasmic reticulum - other major themes, such as mSOD1 aggregation and cytosolic calcium buildup, are also being modeled. Mathematical analysis of the data yields trends that are then used to make hypothetical observations. These observations can then be tested in other labs.